2016年05月16日

公開講演会「ローマと初期ビザンチン芸術における天界と永遠の時間の表現について:ブリゲティオのローマ様式壁画の解釈」

 大谷大学の学術交流協定校であるエトヴェシ・ロラーンド大学のラズロ・ボルヒ先生(人文学部学部長)を講師にお迎えして、国際仏教研究の2016年度第1回公開講演会が、真宗総合研究所国際仏教研究班によって開催されます。

 是非ご来聴下さいますよう、ご案内申し上げます。

       [ 国際仏教研究 公開講演会 ]
日時: 2016年5月25日(水)16:30〜18:00
会場: 響流館3階 マルチメディア演習室 
講師: László BORHY ラズロ・ボルヒ氏 (エトヴェシ・ロラーンド大学教授)
講題: “Representation of celestial spheres and eternal time on vaults
      and domes in Roman and Early Byzantine art: Interpretation of
      a Roman Wall-Painting from Brigetio”
   「ローマと初期ビザンチン芸術における天界と永遠の時間の表現について:
    ブリゲティオのローマ様式壁画の解釈」

講演要旨:
Roman Brigetio, actual Komárom/Szőny in Hungary was one of the four legionary complexes in the Roman province Pannonia, controlling the Danubian frontier of the Roman Empira from the 1st c. CE. till the end of Antiquity, i.e. 5th-6th c. CE. Concerning the life of the Roman settlement, which consists of three parts (legionary fortress, military town, civilian town), most aspects (social life, administration, religion, arts, etc.) were influenced by the strong military presence, which offered good economical and financial possibilities. The Roman army was a good and certain market not only for the local ceramic production, but also for products, which must have been transported by the long distance trade from the Aegean or Mediterranean world (wine, oil, olives, fish sauce, luxury pottery). All aspects of „real” Roman life were present even in such a relatively small town as Brigetio was: the civilian town was planned an constructed in a regular system of insulae, had a net parallel and rectangular streets with stone pavement and canalisation. Also probably had a forum and sanctuaries were erected and dedicated to Roman gods and goddesses, and finally, there was an intensive social life in the amphitheater(s?).
The private houses were decorated with fascinating wall-paintings in a period (mid 3rd c. CE), in which qualitative decorative art even in the main centers as Italy or even Rome did not exist any more.
During excavations, carried out by the author, two main surfaces of Roman wall paintings were discovered int he 90-ies of the 20th century. One of them represents a scene of a feast of soldiers of probably Syrian origin. The other one, which belonged to a barrel vault, and is the main subject of the lecture, shows a cosmological scene with the personification of the Fours Seasons in form of female busts in the cormers, and with the personification a the constellation of the fixed-stars Andromeda and the Horse (Pegasos) in a central medalion, representing – corresponding to the astrological literature of Greek and Roman antiquity – the highest sphere of the universe. How this symbolisme of space and time was taken over by Christianity, will be shown in the lecture.

* 講演は英語で行われます。質疑応答は通訳を通して日英両語で可能です。*
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